Using the operations and performing calculations depends on an understanding of part-whole relationships. When students can fluently and flexibly work with a variety of computational strategies, they demonstrate operational sense.
Other characteristics of student learning include:
- Using algorithms and strategies that make sense to them
- Understanding the relationships between the operations
- Developing a range of strategies and algorithms, including those of their own making
- Determining an appropriate method of computation for the context and numbers involved in the problem
When learning operational sense, solving problems and using models are key instructional components that help students understand the subject.